Here we received a great lecture from Dave on his technique to take sunset and night sky images. I loved his very methodical approach. Not a crazy collection of "try this" and "your camera can do X", but a step-by-step approach.
Sunset / Sunrise / Landscape photos:
- Better to use a tripod (though I took a couple of photos without it if I saw a great opportunity and didn't have the time to move tripod)
- Set camera to Aperture Automatic
- Set aperture to f/8 - f/11
- Set ISO to 100 (unless it gets really dark - but 100 was always enough for me for all the sunset/sunrise images!)
- Use Live View!!!
- Use level in Live View to level the camera.
- Set White Balance to value that makes picture in live view look like real image
- Set EV correction, so that histogram doesn't get clipped on either side. Don't worry if image looks too dark - can be corrected later in Lightroom.
- Use one point focusing. Focus on a point that is twice as far away as the closest point in my image (rough estimation of hyperfocal position)
- And now focus on composition - not on settings anymore (check them frequently if light changes signifcantly)
Star / Milky Way photos:
- Of course, use a tripod!!!
- Set camera to Manual
- Use maximum aperture (i.e. minimum f value)
- Set camera to infinite focus (for the 14-24mm Nikkor lens, I have to set it just to the right of the midpoint of the infinite sign)
- Use rule of 500 to determine maximum exposure
- Use high ISO: 2500 - after experimenting with my D750 and the 14-24mm Nikkor lens, I determined that I can go to ISO 4000 without getting too much noise
- Shoot - and always check image in camera. Try to make the histograms just separate from left side. Although if there is a lot of dark foreground (e.g. trees) that could create a spike on the left side. But we don't want any of the sky area to have zero signal pixels.
- And now focus again on composition!!!
It was a great first night where all of us were amazed how well we can do this with so little experience:
|Sunset over Mount Hood|
|Milky Way over Lost Lake|
|Sunrise over Mt. Hood|
Continue on 2nd night: Mt. Bachelor